Egypt Mastabas

           

 

 

  

 


 
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An Egypt mastaba is an element of the Egyptian architecture consisting in a sepulchral structure that was built on the ground. The mastabas from the period of the dynasties (3200-2680 BC) like the one of the Dynasty I in Saqqara were complex, with numerous storage or compartments and were copies of the contemporary houses. The Old Kingdom` s mastabas are more popular; they are an elaboration of the burial-pit of the pre-dynastic period. The rectangular plan shape characterizes the typical mastaba which have the walls built of brick and inward-sloping. The walls have the faces from slabs of limestone. The roof of the typical mastaba is flat. Even from the early Dynastic Period the rectangular structures were chosen as funerary monuments. At the beginning, the mastaba used to be built on a shaft and in the shaft`s bottom was placed a tomb. But the mastabas became more complex after the increasing of the Egyptian craftsmanship. And so the mastabas included shrines, funerary chapels, and even tables for the deceased`s cult holding. The Egypt mastabas from the Old Kingdom have various images and texts, as well as images that illustrates scenes from the deceased` s everyday life and hunting scenes. This comparing to the pyramids, the mastabas` counterparts, which were undecorated. The largest mastaba in Saqqara is the one of Mereruka who was the Teti I`s Vizier; Teti I was a pharaoh from the 6th dynasty. His wife, Hert-watet-khet, was married with Mereruka and burried, with her son, in one of the 32 rooms of her husband`s mastaba. The entrance` s wall has paintings of Mereruka playing games or painting. The sacrificial chambers are placed at the Mastaba`s far end and has 6 pillars. Inside the room was found a statue of Mereruka in an intact shape.

 
 

 

Egypt Mastabas

 

 
   

 

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