Egypt Guardian of the Tombs

           

 

 

  

 


 
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The guardian of the tombs from the Valley of the Kings is the medjay; this was a police man from the New Kingdom. The term dates from the Old Kingdom when the word was referring to a desert tribesmen group from Nubia who were recruited by the Egypt` s army as scouts. Beginning with the New Kingdom, more precisely with the 18th dynasty, ‘medjay’ was used as the Egyptian word for ‘policeman’ as the medjay were hired in Egypt` s police force. The duty of the medjay was to protect the Western Thebes` s towns, the cemeteries, the frontiers of the desert, as well to maintain the order in Egypt. The medjay were also responsible to the Thebes` major. It seems that they were introduced in the Egypt` s society so easily because they has already served in the Egypt` s army. Other responsibilities of the medjay were to ensure the safety of the tombs, the inspection of the tombs, activities of messengers, the assistance of the workers, the movement of the stone blocks, the protection of the workers from the different dangers, the guaranty of the workers` good behavior, the interrogation of the thieves; they also could have implications in the administrative functions and apply punishments. But the police was not the army` s extension. It had the mission of protecting the weak person of the society from the strong ones and to enforce the orders of the gods. Despite these, the police was viewed as protectors and guardians of the community and not as a hostile body. The role of the rural police was of protecting the farmers from the thieves, of convincing the peasants to pay their taxes even through physical force and persuasion. There was a police for the desert’s frontiers too.

 
 

 

Egypt Guardian of the Tombs

 

 
   

 

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