Egypt Foundation

           

 

 

  

 


 
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The ancient Egypt foundation rituals were taken every time a religious monument was built; the ceremonies had a very old origin. The rituals consisted in burring a foundation deposit under the temple` s corners or at the individual halls` corners, underneath obelisks, columns and pylons, at the temple` s apex. These foundation deposits were a precious information source for Egyptologists. In the Hatshepsut`s temple from Deir el-Bahri are maybe the most popular examples of what a foundation deposit means. The temples has fourteen pits, lined and made of bricks which has a diameter of one meter and a depth about around 1.5-1.8 meters. Each pit was placed in crucial points in the temple`s plan. The foundation deposit included materials that were used at the temple` s construction as well as food offerings. There were also amulets, cowroids, models of tools (like lead ore, copper ore, charcoals), scarabs, travertine jars. The model tools and the materials for building were introduced inside the deposits with the role of serving, in a magical way, to the continuing building in eternity. The foundation deposits had an invaluable role in the determination of the kings` diet, agricultural practices and also in the chronologies determination. In the foundation deposits were found: four tool blades, in the Abydos temple, as well as one jar of alabaster and one big dish; one saucer of alabaster, a dozen model tools, twelve jars of alabaster and one saucer in a vessel in the Koptos temple; two model saucers in the Amun-Kamutef bargue station in Thebes; 166 camelian beads in a mortuary temple; cups of brown clay and small in the el-Kab`s temple; five basketwork sieves, four each of chisel, mallets, wood brick moulds, axe, adze, four oval circular baskets in the Deir el-Bahri temple` s barque station.

 
 

 

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