Egypt Deir el Bahri

           

 

 

  

 


 
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Meaning ‘the northern monastery’, the tombs and mortuary complex Deir el-Bahri is situated on the Nile`s West bank and is the place of Hatshepsut mortuary temple as well as the place of the Nebhepetre Menuhotep II`s mortuary temple. This temple was the first monument that was built in Deir el-Bahri. Numerous other buildings were made by Hatshepsut and Amenhotep I, in the 18th dynasty. Menuhotep II, from the 11th dynasty, who reunited Egypt at the Middle Kingdom` s beginning, built his funerary complex in Deir el-Bahri, a very unusual one facing East, which may mean that it is in connection with the Re`s sun cult and the king`s resurrection. The mortuary temple is made from a forecourt and a terrace. The forecourt is enclosed in its three sides by walls, and the terrace with a big structure that may symbolize the primeval mound arising from the chaos` waters. The Hatshepsut`s mortuary temple is the central point of the Deir el-Bahri complex. It is known as Djeser-Djeseru which means ‘the Holy of Holies’ and is a colonnade structure designed by Hatshepsut's architect and steward, Senemut. The temple was built for the pharaoh` s posthumous worship and for the Amun` s glory. The temple of Menuhotep II and the one of Hatshepsut are very different although the temple of Menuhotep used the model of the Hatshepsut`s temple. Her temple has three terraces which reach a height of 30 meters. Each of them is articulated by colonnade–double and made of square piers-except the central entrance` s North West corner, which has Proto-Doric columns that house the chapel. Some long ramps make the connection between the three terraces; these ramps used to have beautiful gardens as their surroundings.

 
 

 

Egypt Deir el Bahri

 

 
   

 

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