Egypt Biban el Harim

           

 

 

  

 


 
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Biban el-Harim is another name of the Valley of the Queens, a place situated in Egypt, where, in the ancient times, the pharaohs ` wives were buried. The place is also known as Wadi el- Melikat or as Biban el-Sultanat. Here were also buried numerous nobility` s members as well as princesses and princes. The mortuary priests were the one who maintained the tombs, made daily rituals and prayers for this nobility. Biban el-Harim is situated in the vicinity of the Valley of the Kings, on the Nile` s West bank. The kings of the 18th dynasty preferred to be buried in rock-cut tombs instead of being buried in the traditional pyramids. A reason could be the fact that the pyramids were the victims of the robbers. There are about 90 tombs in Biban el-Harim, the most of them being decorated in a lavishly and stylish way. One of these tombs is the one of queen Nefertari of the 19th dynasty. This tomb is craved of rock and the tomb` s polychrome reliefs are still in a good shape. Nefertari was one of the wives of Ramesses II and her tomb is the most spectacular and the largest from the Valley of the Queens. In the tombs over there were buried daughters, sons and wives of the pharaohs and nobility of the 18th, 19th and 20th dynasties. The later tombs are situated in the Biban el-Harim`s Southern side and the early tombs in the Northern side. The royal women from the 18th dynasty were buried in different locations like Valley of the Kings. Around 80 tombs were discovered in an Italian expedition that lasted from 1903 to 1906. Some of the tombs belonged to the royalty`s children and many of them were damaged from fires or improper used.

 
 

 

Egypt Biban el Harim

 

 
   

 

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