Egypt Akhenaten

           

 

 

  

 


 
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The initial name of Akhenaten was Amenhotep IV who was a pharaoh from the 18th Dynasty who ruled between 1379 and 1362 BC. He transformed the polytheist Egyptian religion in a monotheist one and proclaimed the Aton god as the only god of Egypt. After the death of Akhenaten, his successor, Tuthankamun came back to the old polytheist cult. The epoch of Akhenaten was one of the most controversial; there are not many information about the pharaoh` s childhood. It is supposed that he was raised in Theba, the actual Luxor. He became a pharaoh between 16 and 24 years, and at his ceremony he adopted the traditional Egyptian titles. He was married with Nefertiti, a woman with a great influence in his epoch. In the first years of his reign, Akhenaten took care especially of Heliopolis, with the purpose of stopping the Thebans` ambitions. Under his orders were built temples in Karnak in the honor of the Sun` s god and proclaimed himself a ‘the Great Priest’. In his sixth year of reign, about 1350 BC, as result of a revelation, Amenhotep IV changed his name in Akhenaten which means ‘the Aton's servant’. He proclaimed the country's monotheist adhesion to the cult of Aton, the one who will would protect his reign. At one moment, during his reign, his wife Nefertiti disappeared but there are no references to her disappearance. After 18 years of reign, the pharaoh Akhenaten died, being buried in the tomb he made in Tell-al-Amarna. His body was never discovered. Nobody knows for sure what happened in Egypt after his death. All members of his family disappeared from the history's sources after the death of Akhenaten. It's still a mystery why the pharaoh changed the Egypt's religion, ordering new ritually practices.

 
 

 

Egypt Akhenaten

 

 
   

 

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