Egypt Egyptian lime Stones

           

 

  

 


 
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The Egyptian limestone was called by the Egypt’s people the ‘white stone’ and can be found in big quantity in this country. The name of white stone comes from the Cretaceous period when the seawaters covered Egypt. The sandstone can also be found in big quantities in Egypt although it started to be more used with the New Kingdom. The Saqqara area is the place where the limestone was employed for the first time; this limestone is not of a high quality but it is layered in strong and regular formations and a thickness of half a meter. The clay, in thin layers, is the one who separates the layers of the limestone. Dahshur, Giza and Saqqara are among the locations of the limestone quarries. To cut the blocks, the workers had to use tools from hard stone such as chisels, dolerite, granite hammers and copper pickaxes. The Egyptian limestone used at mortuary temples and pyramids was white, fine and could not be found in the building site’s vicinity. The Muqattam hills, situated on the Nile`s West bank, close to the modern Maasara and Tura, was an important limestone source. The workers had to dug tunnels to get to quarry of stone because the stone was buried away from the land` s surface. The depths where the stone could be found could reach even 50 meters; in these situations some immense caverns were built to get to the quarry. In general after the huge stone chunks were removed and in the end cut into many blocks. These blocks were brought to the site of the building on big sledges made from wood and pulled by strong oxen. To make the moving easier, the paths were made from layers of mud.

 
 

 

Egypt Egyptian lime Stones

 

 
   

 

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