Egypt Monastery Wady Natrun

           

 

  

 


 
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Situated between Egypt`s capital, Cairo, and Alexandria, the Wadi Natrun is a depression long of 25 kilometers and having numerous saline lakes. There were fifty Coptic monasteries in Wadi Natrun, from which only 4 still exist today. One monastery of Wadi Natrun is Deir Abu Magar (the Saint Macarius) situated at 94 kilometers from the south of Egypt's capital, Cairo. At only 10 kilometers away are the other three monasteries: Deir Anba Beshoy (the Saint Boshoi), Deir Es-Souriyan (the Syrians` monastery) and Deir El-Baramus (the Romans` monastery). The remains of the monasteries, of the hermitages and of the caves that used to be the hermits living places litter the Wadi Natrun's landscape. Wadi Natrun is the place where 20 monastic settlements were found; the settlements are from the earliest period and the most of them are buildings covered with mud and having vaults and domes. Among these settlements are the ruins of the Dir al-Arman (the monastery of the Armenians), the monastery of the Nubians, the monastery of the Abyssinians, the Saint John the Little` s monastery and a church dedicated to him (anba Yuhannas) and the monastery of Moses the Black, although this monastery could be the ancient Monastery of the Romans. The role played by the monasteries of Wadi el-Natrun in the Coptic Christian Church` s history was a crucial one. The majority of the bishops and of the Coptic patriarchs were chosen from the monks of these Coptic Christian Churches, especially beginning with the 8th century. These monasteries of Wadi el-Natrun are also a precious source of indispensable information for the Coptic heritage study, especially for the Coptic architecture, art and literature. So, if you travel to the Wadi Natrun depression, don`t miss the occasion to visit these remaining monasteries.

 
 

 

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