Egypt Pharaoh Island







The Pharaoh Island is situated at a few kilometers away from the Taba’s South, at the Gulf of Aqaba’s top, in Egypt. The island has a medieval atmosphere due to the fortifications that were restored. The Pharaoh Island` s history is very complex and also interesting. The first natural harbor of the island was built by Hiram, the Tyre’s king between 969 and 936 BC. He was a friend of Solomon and David and he built the first constructions of the island. Hiram was interested in this island for trading purposes with Egypt. Hiram’s name can be founded in the Bible, as he gave gold and cedar for the Jerusalem Temple. During the Hiram` s reign, Tyre was among the Mediterranean most important cities. After 2000 years the Pharaoh Island was occupied by the Byzantines; after them the Crusaders came in the 12th century. The next conqueror of the island was Salah ad-Din who reconstructed the Byzantine fortifications and the Crusader` s ones and he also improved the defense of the island. There is one story about the Pharaoh Island that is not very popular and that implies Lawrence of Arabia. In 1914, while Lawrence was in a expedition in Sinai, he asked the permission to see the Pharaoh Island as well as the ruins; at that time the island was under the Ottoman Empire’s control and his request was denied. Lawrence tried to defy the refusal by securing a boat but he failed and made a raft; he and his people swam with this raft over the bay. At that time Lawrence of Arabia was 26 years old and this episode was a real adventure for him; an adventure brought by the curiosity of seeing the Pharaoh Island.



Egypt Pharaoh Island


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