There are definitely big differences
between the map of the ancient Egypt and the map of the
actual Egypt.Since Egypt has a history rich in changes, it
is a normal thing for the country’s map to be modified over
A common feature of the old
and the actual map is its division into geographical
and political subdivisions.The land covered by
the actual map of Egypt is not so much as the one
covered by the Egyptian empire’s map.
If in the ancient Egypt, when the south of Nubia was under
the Egypt`s control, the Aswan was considered Egypt`s
boundary in south, in the actual map, the south of Nubia is
Sudan`s part and, also, in the actual map, the upper part of
the ex-Nubia belongs to Egypt. And this is just one example.
In the old Egypt eastern map the land that was stretching
trough the actual Israel till Syria was under the Egypt`s
control too. Even so, it was considered that Egypt was
ending where the Africa was separated from the Sinai
Peninsula. And this, in spite of the fact that Egypt, like
today, was controlling the Sinai Peninsula. A complicate
map`s history for a country that has a complex history, too.
The ancient Egypt's map was divided in
small divisions called nomes, that were situated in the
north part of the delta and close to the Nile river. Every
desert nomes was controlled by one monarch.
In the old
history of Egypt, sometimes the Upper Egypt and the Lower
Egypt represented political divisions, especially before
their union in the first dynasty.
Also, during this country's
history the north and the south were under the rule of two
powerful men called viziers; in the political hierarchy, the
viziers were under the king.
There were also periods of
time when one vizier was controlling the entire Egypt.The actual map of Egypt has twenty six political divisions
called governorates, including the Sinai Peninsula and the
regions from desert. The 26 divisions are:
Ad Diffah (the
Libyan Plateau), Buheirat el Burullus, the Nile River (Bahr
el Nil), Buheirat al Manzala, the Lake Nasser, the Eastern
Desert, the Libyan Desert, the Western Desert, the Great
Bitter Lake, the Qattara Depression (Munkhafad el Qattara),
Khalig el Salum, Khalig el Arab, Foul Bay, the Red Sea, the
Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba.
Today, the map of Egypt has 36 cities, from which the most
known, especially by tourists are Cairo (El Qahira, the
capital of the country, with the Khan El-Khalili bazaar, the
Egyptian Museum, the Old Cairo, numerous mosques and
Alexandria (El Iskandariya, the Egypt's second
largest city, housing the famous Library of Alexandria),
Luxor (with the Valley of the Kings, Valley of the Queens,
the Karnak Temple, the Mummification Museum, the Luxor
Temple and other attractions), El Giza (with the Giza
Pyramids), Sharm ash Shaykh (known for the Quad Bike Safari
and luxuriant hotels).