Egypt First Pylon





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At the first pylon of Karnak Temple you can come on an alley guarded by sphinxes, hybrid creatures with the body of a lion and the head of a ram. The pylon with the color of the sand, with two austere towers it looms ahead, looking like the entrance into a feudal castle. For sure, this is not what the Egyptians from the modern times thought of when they called the ruins from Karnak ‘the fortress’. The pylon has two towers that have a height of 24 meters and a width of 65 meters as well as a façade carved in the sunken relief. The relief depicts the battle of Ramses II from the 5th year of the reign. Unfortunately the pylon’s façade is not in a good shape anymore and the scenes are not so easy to be discerned. But the battle is recorded in some other temples. On the West’s façade (the right tower) you can see the scene of the pharaoh meeting the princes and the advisors to talk about tactics. The pharaoh is depicted in his war chariot while fighting. On the East façade (the left tower), you can see the enemies dying in battle. The Nubian Dynasty kings also have their military victories on the walls of the pylon. The towers of pylon used to support 4 immense flag masts from cedar-wood. Between the pylons are gateway jambs where Ramses II with different gods can be seen. The Great Court front is formed by the first pylon; the court’s name was wsekhet khefet-her and can be translated as: “The Temple of Ramesses Meriamon united with eternity”. The court has a parallelogram form, a depth of 57 meters and a width of 50.9 meters.



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