Egypt is the proud “owner” of the oldest and richest
civilization in the world. The history of this country
continues to fascinate the entire world. Archeological
researches discovered proves of life, on the Nile`s Valley
dating from 700,000 years ago.
There are eight significant periods in the history of
Between 3100 BC and 525 BC – The ancient Egypt
Between 525 BC and 332 BC – The Achaemenid Egypt
Between 332 BC and 30 BC – The Ptolemaic Egypt
Between 30 BC and 639 AD – The Roman Egypt
Between 639 and 1517 – The Arab Egypt
Between 1517 and 1805 – The Ottoman Egypt
Between 1805 and 1882 – The Mohammad Ali dynasty Egypt
From 1882 till today – The Modern Egypt
In fact, Egypt`s history started long ago before the
Pharaohs, when, almost eight thousands years ago, the proto-berbers
pastors, which were running from the droughty Sahara, found
a refuge on the Nil`s Valley, where they set, merging with
the old inhabitants.
Three millennia later the
Pharaohnic Egypt was born, from the unification of the
It seems that the King Menes
is the one who made the first kingdom, in 3150 BC, by
unifying the Upper Egypt with the Lower Egypt.
For almost three thousands of years, over thirty dynasties
will succeed in the will of a glorious history, that will
see the Egypt master of a part of the Orient, or the will of
a decadent history, when Egypt will be invaded.
Beginning with 332 BC, Egypt
will get under the control of the Greek dynasty of Ptolemies,
then, the country became a Roman colony. In 632, conquered
by Arabs, Egypt constitutes the Fatimid`s Empire`s heart.
The Muslim world`s first power, during the Mamluks, starting
with 1260, Egypt is integrated in the Ottoman`s Empire in
1517. Napoleon Bonaparte marks then the country with his
powerful print, opening it to the Occident. This is
considered to be the beginning of the Egypt`s modern
In the 19th century, under the rule of Mohammed Ali, who
ruled Egypt between 1805 and 1848, Egypt attempted a vast
expansion move in the black Africa, in Arabia, in Syria and
in Turkey. Transformed into a strategic punt, primordial
once the Suez Chanel was inaugurated in 1869, Egypt passes
in 1882 under the Great Britain`s control. In 1922, under
the pressure of a powerful nationalist current, Egypt got
In 1952, the monarchy is abolished and in 1954 the Nasser
colonel takes the power. Under his rule, Egypt become the
Arab nationalism`s lighthouse, before making peace, after
numerous conflicts, with the Jewish state.
In 1981, on October 14, the Egypt`s ex vice-president Hosni
Mubarak became the president of the country, after the
former president Anwar Al Sadat was killed in Cairo, eight
days before, in a terrorist attack. Hosni Mubarak was also
injured in this incident. During his presidency, the
economic reforms were made, money capital was invested in
agriculture and industry, and an agreement with the World
Bank was signed.