Egypt pyramid of khufu







The largest and the oldest pyramid from the three Giza Necropolis, the pyramid of Khufu is also known as the Khufu's Pyramid, the Great Pyramid of Giza and as the Pyramid of Cheops, Cheops being the Greek translation of the Khufu. This pyramid is also the only wonder of the ancient world's seven wonders that remained. The pyramid was built in 2560 BC by the pharaoh Khufu as his tomb. There is still a mystery about how this pyramid was made, the most plausible theory is that the immense stones were moved from stone quarry and dragged to the place. Inside the tomb are three chambers, from which one is for the king and one for the queen. A corridor of 18 meters is placed at the entrance leading down, and in two directions. One direction leads to a chamber that is unfinished and which is the lowest one. And the other direction leads to the place called the Grand Valley. Here the passage splits one more time in two tunnels, one leading to the chamber of the queen, which is a misnomer, and the other tunnel intersects a descending corridor. The pyramid of Khufu is the only pyramid that has ascending passages and descending passages. Between the Grand Valley and the chamber of the king is situated an antechamber. In the king’s chamber is the sarcophagus, which, unfortunately was broken in one corner by the thieves before the Old Kingdom's end. In this chamber are also two shafts, which are small and ascending to the pyramid exterior. These shafts were made for ventilation or as a way through which the pharaoh spirit will travel to heaven. The chamber of the queen is smaller and situated in the middle, it also has two shafts as the king's chamber.



Egypt Pyramid of Khufu




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