Egypt hand made monuments







The first pharaohs of Egypt were buried in so called mastabas, rectangular constructions built upon some underground mortuary rooms. Not very impressive, the mastabas were made from bricks of land dried by sun that resist to the time passing only in a small measure. A true revolution in this area happened around 2630 BC, once with the building of the architectonic complex from Sakkara. The first hand made monuments in Egypt were some pyramids of stone; the first of them was made by Imhotep for the Djoser pharaoh or for somebody from his family. In the first time, it was just a classical mastaba, over an underground mortuary chamber, which could rich to the 28 meters depth, accessible through a shaft. The entrance was put with a slab of granite having a weight of 3 tones. Under the instructions of Imhotep, the construction was expended and raised in several steps, as if the antique architect would had tried to see till where it can go. Some experts say that the funerary monument was conceived as a retort of the palace where Djoser lived his life. Many of the Egypt's ulterior pyramids, including the ones of Giza, are built after plans of a amazing precision, but in the case of the steps pyramid from Sakkara we can not talk about something like that, but of an architectural experiment. To the initially building were added more than 200.000 tones of rock, till Imhotep was satisfied. Rising mastabas smaller and smaller, one upon the other, it came to the final shape of the pyramid with 6 levels and a height of 60 meters. Although it is said that the Egypt's pyramids are handmade monuments, there are also theories according to which, in the pharaohs times existed a somehow of technology for building them.



Egypt Hand Made Monuments




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