Egypt great sphinx







The Great Sphinx is an immense statue that represents a creature that has a human head and a body of a lion. The national symbol of ancient Egypt but also of the modern Egypt, the Great Sphinx brings in Egypt thousands and thousands of visitors who want to see this amazing sculpture. To this statue have been dedicated numerous poems, it is the theme for numerous paints and documentaries. The word sphinx was given by Greeks to the half human half animal creatures and means ‘strangler’. There are no exactly information about who built the Great Sphinx and when but the hypotheses is that the statue was made by the king Khafra, about 4,500 years ago, and it represents the king's figure. This amazing statue is a part of a complex that also includes the statue's temple, other small buildings and a temple of the new Kingdom. Situated in the Khafra Valley Temple, the Great Sphinx was made from Muqqatam Formation limestone bedrock, whose origins are of fifty millions years old and came from the sediments that were deposited on the sea waters` bottom. The nose of the statues doesn't exist any more; there are some assumptions that the nose was destroyed by Muhammad Sa'im al-Dahr or by the Napoleon’s armies, or by the Mamluks or by the British troops. The Great Sphinx suffered some restoration works, first in 1400 BC by Thutmose IV who dug out the statue from the sand where it was buried almost a half of it, after the abandon of the Giza necropolis. The second restoration was made by Ramesses II. In 1817, Captain Caviglia totally undiscovered the Sphinx chest from the sand. And, in 1925, another important restoration was applied to the statue.



Egypt Great Sphinx




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