Egypt geography








Egypt Geography


Egypt Geography


Because it includes the Sinai Peninsula, which is a part of South West Asia, Egypt is situated in Africa's North and in Asia's South -West too. Egypt's Geographic coordinates are 27 00 N, 30 00 E.


The neighbors are Israel and Gaza Strip in East, Sudan in South, Libya in West.


Egypt is privileged to have shorelines at the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Egypt Geography


As area, Egypt has the France's double area, having a total area of 1,001,450 sq km, from which only 6,000 sq km represent the water area. Egypt's highest point is represented by Mount Catherine, with 2,629 meters and the lowest point is represented by Qattara Depression with -133 meters.



The natural resources of Egypt are constitute from the natural gas, petroleum, talc, zinc, lead, gypsum, asbestos, iron ore, limestone, manganese and phosphates.

The land borders` total is of 2,689 km: Israel – 255 km, Gaza Strip – 11 km, Sudan – 1,273 km and Libya – 1, 150 km.


The coastline measures 2,450 kilometers and the maritime claims are made from 12 nm - the territorial sea, 200 meters – the continental shelf, 200 nm – the exclusive economic zone and 24 nm – the contiguous zone. Since the climate is a dry and hot one in the summer, with usual winters, and since the terrain is a vast desert, only 2% from the total area of the Egypt's land is arable.


The irrigated total area is of 32, 460 sq kilometers. The Nil is the unique source of water, the fresh water resources being very limited. Desertification is a issue of the Egypt`s environment as well as the oil pollution that puts in danger the marine habitats, the beaches and the reefs.


The industrial effluents, the agricultural pesticides and the raw sewage are the main threats for the water pollution.



Other issues for the environment are the lost of the agricultural land because of the windblown sands and urbanization, the salination of the soil close to Aswan High Dam and the fast population's growth, which overstrains the natural resources.

As meteorological phenomena, in Egypt can be meet the khamsin, a hot windstorm that appears in spring; there are also the sandstorms and the dust storms, the activity of the volcano, the periodic droughts, landslides, the earthquakes and the flash floods. Egypt has signed international environments agreements regarding the changing of the climate, the protection of the ozone layer, the desertification, the biodiversity, the modification of the environment, the whale sand the wetlands. Agreements regarding the sea's law, the nuclear test ban, the dangerous wastes, the species being in danger of disappearance, the marine dumping and the ship pollution, have been signed too.


Egypt has a very important role in the geopolitics of the Middle East. The country has under control the Sinai Peninsula,



which represents the unique land bridge that connects Africa with what remained from the Eastern hemisphere, and the Suez Canal which makes the connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean.



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