One of the
world`s most beautiful zoo is the one of Giza, the home for
various species of plants and animals. The area is very
large and it is situated close to the Nile`s West Bank. The
Northern tip of the Giza Zoo overlooks the University of
Cairo. The zoo is close to the Cairo`s down town and is
connected to it by many buses.
Agriculture Minister is the supervisor of the Giza Zoo. The
zoo was opened for public in 1891, on March 1. What make
this zoo special are its lakes, rare plants, streams, alleys
paved with very colored pebbled that are set in very nice
mosaic pictures, its bridges and habitats that represent the
houses of numerous animals.
The habitats are
hilly zones where the cactus trees are planted, as well as
the cactus fruits, which is a rare plant. The preservation
of the animals` lives is helped by the moderate climate of
Egypt. The temperatures are the natural ones, and no air
conditioning for warming or cooling are used.
This Zoo is
seen like an immense exhibition of the African wild life.
Among the animals that live at this zoo and which will be
restored to the original environment is the heron, the
Egyptian gazelle, the rams and the mountain goats.
The biggest area of
the Giza Zoo is the place called the Citadel Hill; it was
built in 1867 and has interesting decorations like different
statues of the crocodiles, Fayoum rhinoceros and weird
The plateau of this place is covered by a little park
and has walks covered with plants, several streams, many
different reptiles and birds - statues; in center is a hall
that serves as resting place and being made from pebbles and
cement. Through the caves the streams are flowing, and
the coral reefs hang down into the waterfalls
leading to a lake and 2 islands that are connected
by a bridge made of wood.
Two artificial hills are in front of the lions
houses; the connection between the hills is made by
a bridge, suspended and made from iron.
It seems that this bridge is unique in Egypt. The
Giza zoo also has a museum dating from 1906. The museum has
3 large halls where big groups of embalmed reptiles,
animals, fish and birds from Egypt and from other countries
are exhibited. Two other rooms have exhibitions of various
species of birds, reptiles and animals.
museum's back is a factory for embalming.
museum is the place where some scientists study the birds
and animals` behavior. People are encouraged to preserve the
wild life and to promote a healthy environment in Egypt by 5
non-governmental organizations. Egypt is the country where
the earliest zoos were discovered; they date from 2500 BC.
The zoos were created by the wealthy people and by the
pharaohs for the animals they used to receive as gifts. The
collections of animals were very well kept.