weapons during the Old Kingdom period were various; the
soldiers were using spears, arrows, shields, bows, daggers,
cudgels and maces. The battle axes and the quivers appeared
before the intermediary period, when it was the revolution
time for the martial arts in Egypt.
dynasty is the period when the metal arrowheads appeared;
copper was the material used at their fabrication. The arrow
and the bow were the Egypt army` s main weapons.
The New Kingdom`s
infantry carried daggers, spears, scimitars and battle axes.
The last but one mentioned was brought in Egypt by Thutmose
III who used it in Syria.
In numerous depictions the gods
appeared give the pharaohs the victory weapon, which became
an important part from the main equipment of infantrymen.
The Egyptians used the spears to stab and the charioteers
used to have with them some spears (together with arrows and
The majority of the new weapons
that started to be used in the New Kingdom were
coming from Asia. The helmets that were ordered by
Ramses III were similar to the Syrian ones, the
principal difference was the cords of the Egyptian
helmets that ended with pendants.
The body armor had
also an Asiatic origin. If we talk about the weapons
of the modern Egypt, it seems that the Egypt` s
efforts regarding the biological warfare include the
work on the encephalitis virus, on botulism toxin
and plague. It seems that researches are also
including: mycotoxicosis, the Rift Valley fever and
These agents` extent is still unknown
but the weapon industry of Egypt can be capable to
devise various and suitable systems of delivery.
The Egypt` s
president Anwar al-Sadat, said in 1970 that Egypt may own
some biological weapons in the refrigerators and he also
added that there was the possibility of using them against
the population of Israel.
This declaration was an intention
to warn Israel about a nuclear attack.
not implicated in some important efforts of developing the
capability of the nuclear weapons. Of course, Egypt is
decided to pay more attention to the conventional forces`
increase as well as of the biological and chemical ones,
instead of the nuclear weapons. 1954 is the year when the
nuclear program started in Egypt. The first nuclear reactor
was brought in 1961 from the Soviet Union. The reactor with
two megawatts was inaugurated in the Nile Delta, at Inchass,
by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the president of Egypt.
The small nuclear
reactor was controlled by the Soviets. NPT (the treaty on
the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons) was signed by
Egypt in 1968 but there was a delay when it came to ratify
it, maybe because the Egyptian government had some evidences
according to each Israel was involved in a nuclear weapon
Also, many nuclear experts of Egypt were lost since
they chosen to work abroad. Some of them went to Canada and
others in Iraqi.