In Egypt as
well as in Jordan, the water from faucet can be used for the
dental hygiene. For drinking, the bottled water is
If you want to drink water, you can buy a bottle
of maya (‘water’ in Arab). In Egypt, like in the entire Arab
world, in general, there is no mineral water. Oahed is the
number one non-mineral water in the Arab countries. The
water is already the cause of some tensions between the
regions that use the same rivers.
The Nile, for
example, is used as water source by 9 countries: 100% of the
water used in Egypt (where it doesn` t rain) comes from this
river. Ethiopia and Sudan, situated in upstream, could use
more water in the future, because of the population` s
growth, reducing in this way, the water quantity from which
Egypt takes the water.
The water wasted by
evaporation or spill in Egypt is in amount of 21.7 billion
meters3 per year (from which 2.3 billion meters3 from the
irrigation canals and 19.4 billion meters3 –the High Dam).
Egypt has a strategy that has as aim to improve the
efficiency of irrigation and to conserve the resources of
water; these can be possible if the plants and the weeds
that cause the loss of 0.75 billion meters3 of water per
year are rooted out.
The first strategy
regarding water in Egypt started in 1998. The project that
is estimated to last till 2017 costs about 145 million of
EGP. This strategy aims to maximize the water resources`
use, to eliminate the pollution of the water, to cooperate
with the other counties that share the Nile`s waterway to
conserve and develop the waters of the river.
studies regarding water and lasting till 2050 have to main
approaches: to optimize the water resources management and
to introduce the policies of alternative cooperation between
the countries of the Nile-basin, in order to reduce the
Egypt wants to change the actual crop
composition to respect the water export and production
In Egypt are zones where the lack of water is a
One of these zones is Al-Qodaby, situated at
200 kilometers from the Cairo`s South.
The farmers of this
place feel impoverished because of the irregular and reduced
The recently months
worsened the situation because some rural areas from Egypt
were affected by the water shortages. The future is already
here for the worried farmers of Al-Qodaby, as well as for
those of the Delta and of the Cairo`s poorest areas. The
farmers` animals and crops are affected by the water
shortages, big quantities being sent in the Aswan`s South,
in the desert.
In 2005 the Toshka
project was inaugurated in order to help the desert and
using the most complex and largest station of water pumping
in the world. The expectations view the diverting of 10%
from the Egyptian share of the Nile from the Lake Nasser to
help the irrigations of the most barren and hottest desert