1854 is the year when the industry of
telecommunications appeared in Egypt, the same year when the
first line of telegraph made the connection between Cairo
It was the beginning of the future Telecom
Egypt, the Egyptian's principal telephone company.
Twenty seven years
later, the same cities, Cairo and Alexandria were
also connected through the first Egyptian telephone
In 1918, the Telephone and Telegraph
Authority was created by the Egypt's government, who
invested 755,000 L.E in the Eastern Telephone Company. Arab
Republic of Egypt National Telecommunications Organization (ARENTO),
the actual Telecom Egypt launched in 1975 the first
And three years later, in Maadi was
inaugurated the first earth station, having a 120 channels
capacity and making the satellite connection of Egypt with
the world. In 1998 ARENTO was transformed in Telecom Egypt.
2002, the telecom Egypt company arise
on the telecommunications` market with new way of
approaching business and with a new look, airing a
campaign of an award winning, a campaign that lasted
the whole Ramadan month.
Today, Telecom Egypt is not only the Egypt's main
telecommunications provider but it is also the Middle East`s
fixed-lines services largest provider, having more
than 11 million of costumers. Telecom Egypt offers
services as transmission of data, Internet, services
of local and international voice, as well as fixed
Egypt also launched a second Algerian fixed-line network,
Consortium Algerian des Telecommunications, as a partnership
with OTH (Orascom Telecom Holdings). And this was just a
step from the company extension plan.
As financial activity and staffing, Telecom Egypt is the
biggest company from the public sector.
The Egyptian company has public-private partnerships with
the projects CDMA Wireless Local Loop, Nile Vision, Egypt
2000 and The Golden Pyramid. More, Telecom Egypt holds
50.00% from Wataneya for Telecommunication, 97.66% from TE
Information Technologies [Xceed], 48.90% from Middle East
Radio Communication, 40% from IT Incubator Fund, 44, 79%
from Vodafone Egypt Telecommunications Company, 58,76% from
Centra Technologies, 95,04% from TE Data (all of these being
Egyptian companies) and 50% from Consortium Algérien De
Télécommunication ( from Algeria).
In 2006, Vodafone Egypt (one of the Egypt`s two mobile
telephone companies) had more than 8.449 million customers,
the number being in a continues growing. In the same year,
the number of the people that were connected to Internet
trough the TE Data (offered by Telecom Egypt) increased with
238% from the preceding year.
The Egyptian market of telecommunications is valued at LE 10
billion (2.9 billion $) according to the MCIT (The Ministry
of Communications and Information Technology). Introduced on
the Egypt's market in 1998, the mobile services represents
the Egypt's telecommunications private sector that have the
biggest investments., with a 3, 8% rate of penetration.
Egypt imports the most of the telecommunications equipment
and services from the United States of America, Egypt being
one of the biggest USA` s importers of this type of
products, and, implicit, a major market partner for USA.