Egypt scripts








Egypt Scripts


Egypt Scripts


Egypt The most spectacular scripts of the history are the ones that were developed in Egypt and in Sumer, in the 4th millennium BC.

The scripts on the clay signs in which some signs similar to some nails were scratched, in Sumer, and the Egyptian hieroglyphs, offered to the archeologists – after the graphic systems were decoded – more than 4000 years of records about the everyday life that fascinate even today. Without the scripts, the human antique history`s recovery would have been impossible.

Egypt Scripts


The Egyptian scripts developed on the principle of the visual representations application at schematic level. For example, the glifa that corresponds to the consonant-sound ‘m’ in the ancient Egyptian is represented with a eagle, and the glifa corresponding to the vocal ‘a’ took the form of an ibis. The extremely complex scripts of the ancient Egypt were the privilege of the scribes or of the religious orders members.




Not even the all pharaohs knew the Egyptian scripts, the incontestable supremacy of the scribes lasted till the end of the Egyptian state, and the last period of using the hieroglyphs was in the 4th century A.D. In line with the hieroglyphic scripts, the Egyptians developed other two types: the hieratic script used by priests, being a simplification of the hieroglyphs, and the demotic script, the script used by the people. After a period of almost 1.500 years of oblivion, the hieroglyphs were deciphered at the beginning of the 19th (1822) century by Jean Francois Champollion.


The ancient Egyptians believed that the script was a gift from the god Thoth.


‘Hieroglyphs’, the word we use today to describe the ancient Egyptian symbols, actually comes from a Greek word that means ‘sacred inscription’. This idea remains even today in the modern Egypt.


The official language is Arab now and the Muslims think that the written variant of the language is a sacred art dedicated to their god Allah.


For many years, the scientists believed that each hieroglyph was an image that replaced an entire word. But no matter they tried, they didn`t manage to resolve the puzzle.


And then, the French soldiers discovered the Rosetta stone in the North Egypt and all the mystery started to get over step by step. A French science man, Jean Francois Champollion who knew the Greek and the Coptic- a form of ancient Egyptian, still spoken in some regions of Egypt and Ethiopia, discovered that the hieroglyphic signs can function like the letters of a modern alphabet, and came with the first translation of the hieroglyphs.




The scribes were so vital for the ancient Egyptians like the doctors, mechanics for us today. The scribes were so important that they don` t had to work on the ground, to help at the temples building or to fight in the army. They were often shown sitting with a papyrus sheet on their knees. They used to write on long sheets of papyrus from plants that grew on the Nile` s shores. Some of the sheets could be longer than 30 meters.



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