Egypt mummification








Egypt Mummification


Egypt Mummification


The Egypt mummification interfered when the deceased person was a great personality, an important leader or pharaoh. The mummification in the ancient Egypt it was a very long and very expansive process. From beginning to the end, there were about 70 days necessary to embalm a dead body.


Taking into consideration that the Egyptians considered the mummification as representing a very special step in the after death life, the bridge between life and the after life, they were buried or mummified as much sumptuous as they could afford it.

Egypt Mummification


The pharaohs, which were thought to become gods after death, had the biggest and the sumptuous mummification ceremony. The Egyptian art of the embalming contains several steps: the first step was the religious wash and purification of the dead body. In the second step the internal organs have to be removed. In the left side of the body it was made a short incision of about 10 cm through which the intestines, the stomach, the liver and the pleura were taking out.




Each of the organs was dried in natron, to discourage in this way the bacteria.


After this, the organs were individually wrapped in some long strips of sheet and then put in separated vessels (each of the four vessels representing the four sons of Horus.


The organs were arranged as it follows: the intestines were put in the Qebehsenuef vessel, with the eagle head; the stomach was put in the Duamutef vessel, with golden wolf head; the pleura were put in the Hapy vessel, with baboon head; and the liver was put in the Imsety vessel, with human head.


The cavity was filled with natron (a salt that found from abundance on the Nile` s shores) and the brain was taking out from the brain pan through the nose with two long sticks.



The Egyptians used to break the bone between the nose and the cranium and to introduce there the two sticks. They were agitating the brain inside till it became a liquid that poured outside through the nose cavity. Being not very important, the brain was threw away. After this step, the dead body was put on an embalming table were it was totally covered with natron.




This step was lasting 40 days. After that, the body was cleaned of natron, the body cavity was filled with different herbals or with sheet, and the body was totally oiled with special oils (pal wine, holy oil), which had anti-bacteria properties. After this step was made the mummy was wrapped in few meters long textile strips. These strips were glued with pine resins, fir resins or bees wax. Every mummy had its smell. In the same time, the joiners were working to one or more sarcophaguses. Usually, they were making more and then the best one was chosen, the one who fit the best. After the sarcophaguses were finished, the decorators were entering the scene. The fine paint that can be seen on sarcophaguses was rarely made right on wood.



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