Egypt medicine








Egypt Medicine


Egypt Medicine


The people of the ancient Egypt, as well as the ones of the ancient Greece and Rome offered to the modern historians numerous evidences and information about their medical knowledge and about the attitude they had regarding medicine.


The sources of evidences are many papyruses that were discovered in the archaeological sites. The legends, the myths, the common sense and the human anatomy`s strong knowledge were the base of the Egyptians` beliefs.


Homer wrote in his ‘Odyssey’ that the Egyptians are skilled at medicine more than any other people. A papyrus from 1825 BC describes the diagnose methods of the pregnancy, the discovery of the baby` s sex and the treatment of some gynecological diseases.



In the papyrus called ‘Edwin Smith’ (from 1600 BC) we found amazing information about the surgery practiced by the Egyptian medicines.


Yes, that is right: surgery! Here are described 48 cases in which the interventions were made to head, shoulders, neck and chest.

The researchers say that the often accidents happened during the work at pyramids made the experience of the doctors to increase. In another papyrus called ‘Ebers’ (from 3000 BC) we find references about internal diseases, of the eyes, skin` s and also gynecological references, being presented some surgery cases also.


Are described 400 medicines recommended in 877 prescriptions.

Despite the limitation of the knowledge regarding the causes of the diseases, the ancient Egyptians had an advanced knowledge of the human anatomy and psychology.



Egypt Medicine

With no doubts, the way they embalmed the death and especially how they used to empty the cranium for mummification implied a good knowledge of the head and brain` s anatomy. They knew that in brain is it the command of the entire organism. In ‘Ebers’ are described the correct position of the heart, as well as some of its anomalies. They knew the heart pulses the blood in the blood vessels to all the organs. From these papyruses with medical character results that the medics of the ancient Egypt used the method that is also used today during the consultation of an ill man: the anamnesis.


To diagnose a disease they searched the blood, the urine and the sputa. The first cataract intervention was made in Alexandria by Ptolemeu. Numerous other papyrus talk about the teeth` s diseases: abscesses, dental decay, and the replacement of the teeth. The fact is also proved by the marks of the intervention on a mummy` s mandible, dating since 2500 BC.




The sciences about chemistry of the ancient Egyptians were so vast that the old Egypt` s name of Kemet defines this thing. The ancient Egypt` s medics were treating the anaemia and knowing the benefic properties of the onion using it as antibiotic. The ones with mental disease were sent in the ‘temples of sleep’ and their dreams were interpreted in a religious way. The modern medicine has its origins in Egypt. This is the conclusion of some recent researchers based on the study of some documents dating from 3500 years ago.



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