Egypt LANguage








Egypt Language


Egypt Language


The Egypt language is included in the family of the Afro-Asiatic languages; the Egyptian is an indigenous language and the records of this language date from around 3400 BC.


 These records show that the Egypt language is one of the oldest languages that are recorded. The Egyptian was spoken in the Coptic form till the end of the 17th century.


In the our days modern Egypt the national language is the Egyptian Arabic that replace step by step the Coptic language becoming the daily life` s language after the Egypt` s conquer by the Muslims. The Coptic Church still uses the Coptic as liturgical language.




It was reported that the Coptic is still spoken by few native speakers.The old Egyptian language constitutes an independent branch of the Afro-Asiatic languages.


The closest group of languages to it is the Berber, the Bej and the Semitic. The written documentations of the Egyptian language date from the 32 century BC making it one of the oldest languages that have documentations.


The Egypt language is divided in six chronological divisions: the archaic Egyptian (before 3000 BC), the old Egyptian (between 3000 and 2000 BC), the Middle Egyptian (between 2000 and 1300 BC), the Late Egyptian (between 1300 and 700 BC), the Demotic Egyptian (between the 7th century BC and the 4th century AD), and the Coptic Egyptian (between the 3rd century and the 17th century AD).


500 years is the period of time when the Egyptians spoken the Old Egyptian.


The period when the Middle Egyptian was spoken by Egyptians is with 200 years longer, till the Late Egyptian language appeared. Till the first centuries AD, the Middle Egyptian language survived as a written language, like the classical Arabic in our days or the Latin in the Middle Ages. About 650 BC is the time when the Demotic Egyptian language appeared; it survived till the 5th century AD as a spoken language.In the 4th century AD the Coptic Egyptian Language came in stage, surviving till the 16th century AD as living language.

Egypt Language

In the 16th century AD the scholars of Europe used to travel to Egypt to learn the Coptic Egyptian from the native speakers in the Renaissance time. The Coptic` s archaic dialect is still spoken by the Egyptians of the Christian churches.




The hieratic and the hieroglyphs were used for writing in the Middle Egyptian as well as the Late and the Old Egyptian. To write in Demotic a script deriving from hieratic was used; in appearance, the Demotic looks like the modern Arabic and although there is no connection between the two of them, it is written from right and left too. The Coptic Alphabet is used to write in Coptic; it`s a Greek alphabet`s modified form, having symbols from the Demotic Egyptian for the sounds that didn't appear in the Ancient Greek. The Arabic language became the Egyptian political administration` s language in the 17th century.



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