Egypt JARS








Egypt Jars


Egypt Jars


The Egypt canopic jars played an important role in the mummification process. The funerary rituals of the ancient Egypt included the store of the deceased's internal organs in four jars.

The vessels were from stone, wood faience or pottery and were covered and were holding the embalmed organs.

The Egypt jars were first used between 2575 and 2130 BC (the Old Kingdom period). Between 1938 and 1630 BC (during the Middle Kingdom), the jars were more elaborated, having the sculpted heads of humans as decorations of their lids.

The heads could be the deceased`s representations. Between 1539 and 1075 BC (the 19 the dynasty till the New Kingdom's end) the jars heads were representations of the Horus` 4 sons. The decline of the canopic jars started in the 20th dynasty when the viscera used to be return to the body. The number of the used jars was always 4, symbolizing the 4 protecting spirits: falcon, human, jackal and baboon, or the god Horus` 4 sons. After they were taken from the body, the organs were put each of them in a jar.

Egypt Jars

The organs were put in these jars because they are the first parts of the body that decompose after death and the priests intended to preserve them.


But not all the organs were put in the jars. The heart, considered the soul` s, emotion's and intelligence's center, was left inside the dead body. Also, the brain was not put in a jar.


The Egyptians considered it without importance so they used to stick a pick in the nose, to pull out the brain and then to threw it.

A jar was only for one organ; after they were taken from the dead body, the intestines, the liver, the stomach and the lungs were washed with a liquid like a white wine.


After that the organs were put in the 4 jars; each jar had a lid with one of the Horus ` sons: the stomach was protected by Duamutif (represented by a dog or a jackal), the lungs were protected by Hapy (a baboon),



the intestines by Quebehsenuf (a falcon) and the liver by Imsety (a human).
Jars in Egypt

In the tombs of the mummies were different types of jars. The mummies used to be dried in natron salt (a substance of sodium carbonate) they were covered with traditional clothes.

The crystals of salt were put around the body and in about 40 days the body was dried and with no future decay to happen. According to the ancient Egyptians, if someone enters in a tomb and steals an organ from its jar he or she will be touched by evil spells.


And this was because the organs were considered very powerful and also sacred.



But the Egypt jars were not just simple objects were the intern organs were put after someone dies; the jars represented a vital and sacred part of the mummies afterlives.



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