Egypt ISRAEL WAR

           

   

 

Egypt Israel War

 

Egypt Israel War

 

The Arab- Israel war from 1973, an army conflict between Israel and the Arab countries Egypt and Syria, took place in October 1973. Egypt and Syria started the conflict to retrieve the territories occupied by Israel in the 6 days war from 1967. Although the both part suffered big losses because of the 1973 war, Israel kept the control of the territories.

Because the conflict started on the Jewish holiday Yom Kippur and took place throughout the holly Muslim month of Ramadan, the war was also called the ‘Yom Kippur war’ by the Israel and the ‘Ramadan` s war’ or the ‘October war’ by Arabs. Although it didn` t brought important changes to the territories` borders, the 1973 war and its consequences had numerous effects on the participant nations and on their relations with the world` s big powers.

Egypt went form the URSS (the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics) which has been offering it military and economic help since 50s and ended close relations with the United States.
 

Syria went from war being a firm defender of the Arabs` rights and the closest ally of the Middle Orient for URSS.

 

In Israel the war started some disapproving attitudes towards the states` s leaders, which, in the end, resigned. The war showed an increasing implication of the United States for the negotiation and guarantee of the Arab-Israel agreements. The war didn`t claim territorial concessions but it had effects at a much higher and complex level of the Arab-Israel conflict. While the Arab losses were far bigger than the ones of Israel, the both parts claimed the victory.

 

The Arab forces proved that they can successfully launch a coordinated attack. With the initial advantages, they sunk from the origins the myth of the Israel` s invincibility that lasted from the 1967 war. Meanwhile, despite the important losses, Israel regrouped itself with success in few days, pushing back the Arab forces, beyond the 1967 borders. While the war didn`t affect the relations between Syria and Soviet Union and opposed even more Syria and the United States, Israel, it still initiated drastic changes in the external relations of Egypt. The new relation that Kissinger started with Sadat reduced the influence of the Soviets on Egypt and brought the country closer to the United States.

 

Every accord successfully ended, generated trust between Israel and Egypt. Each of these achievements established a foundation to the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel from 1973. Despite all these things, the improved relations of Egypt with the United States and Israel led to its isolation from inter- Arab affairs from the 80s. Meanwhile, the diplomatic success of the United States in the period after the war preferred them as mediator, confident and diplomatic gerent of Arabs and Israel in the future negotiations. In the end, the war brought internal problems in Israel, too. The lack of military preparation of the Israel brought in discussion the problem of the leaders` competence.

 
 

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