The Arab- Israel war from
1973, an army conflict between Israel and the Arab countries
Egypt and Syria, took place in October 1973. Egypt and Syria
started the conflict to retrieve the territories occupied by
Israel in the 6 days war from 1967. Although the both part
suffered big losses because of the 1973 war, Israel kept the
control of the territories.
Because the conflict started
on the Jewish holiday Yom Kippur and took place throughout
the holly Muslim month of Ramadan, the war was also called
the ‘Yom Kippur war’ by the Israel and the ‘Ramadan` s war’
or the ‘October war’ by Arabs. Although it didn` t brought
important changes to the territories` borders, the 1973 war
and its consequences had numerous effects on the participant
nations and on their relations with the world` s big powers.
Egypt went form the URSS (the Union of
the Soviet Socialist Republics) which has been offering it
military and economic help since 50s and ended close
relations with the United States.
Syria went from war being
a firm defender of the Arabs` rights and the closest ally of
the Middle Orient for URSS.
In Israel the war started some
disapproving attitudes towards the states` s leaders, which,
in the end, resigned. The war showed an increasing
implication of the United States for the negotiation and
guarantee of the Arab-Israel agreements. The war didn`t
claim territorial concessions but it had effects at a much
higher and complex level of the Arab-Israel conflict. While
the Arab losses were far bigger than the ones of Israel, the
both parts claimed the victory.
The Arab forces proved that they can
successfully launch a coordinated attack. With the initial
advantages, they sunk from the origins the myth of the
Israel` s invincibility that lasted from the 1967 war.
Meanwhile, despite the important losses, Israel regrouped
itself with success in few days, pushing back the Arab
forces, beyond the 1967 borders. While the war didn`t affect
the relations between Syria and Soviet Union and opposed
even more Syria and the United States, Israel, it still
initiated drastic changes in the external relations of
Egypt. The new relation that Kissinger started with Sadat
reduced the influence of the Soviets on Egypt and brought
the country closer to the United States.
Every accord successfully ended,
generated trust between Israel and Egypt. Each of these
achievements established a foundation to the peace treaty
between Egypt and Israel from 1973. Despite all these
things, the improved relations of Egypt with the United
States and Israel led to its isolation from inter- Arab
affairs from the 80s. Meanwhile, the diplomatic success of
the United States in the period after the war preferred them
as mediator, confident and diplomatic gerent of Arabs and
Israel in the future negotiations. In the end, the war
brought internal problems in Israel, too. The lack of
military preparation of the Israel brought in discussion the
problem of the leaders` competence.