Egypt Government


Egypt Government


Since Egypt is a semi-presidential republic, the country`s president is de facto not only state`s head but also the government`s head. He is also the head of a system where the National Democratic Party.


The Egypt government also exercises the executive power and the legislative power (this one together with the Assembly of People).

At every 8 months every year, the Parliament of the country has a meeting; the president can ask for more meetings if there are any special circumstances.


The Parliament`s powers increased once with the Constitution`s Amendments from 1980 but the still the president has the biggest power.

Maglis el-Sha’ab or the Assembly of the People – is the main legislative body.

The assembly has 454 deputies from which 444 are named through direct elections and 10 by the president, according to the Constitution` s article 87.

The 50% of the assembly`s seats are reserved for peasants and workers, according to the Constitution.

The assembly has a term of 5 years but the president can dissolve it earlier.

Government of Egypt

The 400 of the seats are voted through the proportional representation and the rest of 44 through local majority votes. The executive cabinet can resign if the People`s assembly votes a motion of censure. This is why the prime minister with the cabinet is from the coalition or from the dominant party.

If the president and the assembly are from opposite parties is cohabitation.


In most of the cases the censure motions are proposed by the opposition on the actions of government.


Maglis el-Shura or the Shura Council is the Parliament` s upper house with 264 members and was created in 1980.


The president names 88 members and the rest of 176 are directly elected; the 88 members are named for 6 years and half of the council is changed at every 3 years.


The legislative powers of the Shura Council are not very big.


Egypt Government

In Egypt exists 18 political parties; the constitution prohibits the formation of the parties that have the religion as base.


There are pressure and opposition groups, being active and making the views public; one of these groups is the Muslim Brotherhood.


The groups have representatives at the political system` s levels.


The president of the country and the National Democratic Party has the power and the big majority in the Assembly of the People.


The mayors and the governors exercise the authority below the national level; they are named by the local councils (popularly elected) and by the government.



Regarding the elections and the political parties, the constitution of Egypt allows the existence of the parties but it doesn`t allow the religious political parties; the reason is that the religion must stay away from politics. More, the political parties that support the military formations or have a program that doesn`t fit the principles of the constitutions are not allowed. The same is available for the parties that threat the stability of the country.



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