Egypt had more flags during its
history. The actual flag of Egypt dates from 1984, October
4, when it was adopted.
The flag has the Eagle of Saladin,
which is the national emblem of Egypt; the eagle is placed
in the middle of the flag, on a white band that is on 3
bands, horizontal and equal, of red, white and black colors.
The red color represents the period before the revolution
against the British occupation. The white color represents
the 1952 revolution` s advent which lead to the monarchy` s
end without any bloodshed.
And the black color of the flag represents the end of the
monarchy oppression. These colors of the Egypt`s flag
can be seen on the Iran`s flag as well as on the Syria`s
and Yemen`s flags but the emblem is different in every of
During the Muhammad Ali
dynasty the Egypt` flag had some remains from the Ottoman
flag, having three stars and three white crescents on a red
These were symbols of the
Muhammad Ali` s sovereignty over Sudan, Nubia and Egypt or
the Muhammad Ali`s armies victory upon Europe, Asia and
Africa. After the revolution from 1919 on the streets of
Egypt could be seen the flag of Ali as well as a green
banner with a cross and a crescent that represent the
support of the Christians and of the Muslims for the
nationalist movement against the British occupation.
In 1923, after the Egypt`s independence was recognized by
Britain, in Egypt was adopted the first flag of the modern
Egypt, an official national one; the flag was adopted by the
Kingdom of Egypt`s royal decree. The flag had a green
background with three white stars and one white crescent.
The 3 stars represented Sudan, Egypt and Nubia or the
Muslims, the Christians and the Jews.
After the 1952 revolution, the flag was replaced with a
tricolor, horizontal and red-white-black with an eagle on
the white stripe. Two green stars were placed on the white
stripe during the United Arab Republic. A golden hawk was
placed in 1972-1984 and since then the Eagle of Saladin, as
well as a scroll with the Egypt`s name in Arabic.
The presidential decree from 1958 replaced the flag of the
United Arab Republic; this flag was used till 1972 when due
to the Egypt's joining the Arab Republics Federation the
stars of the flag were replaced with a golden hawk with a
scroll that has the federation`s Arabic name.
From 1984 to present Egypt has the same flag.
The hoisting of the Egyptian flag takes place on official
holidays, on Fridays, on national day, and on any other
occasions when the Interior minister orders the flag
Any person who abuse the Egypt`s flag will be
punished by law being considered a criminal offence. The
punishments apply for abusing the flags and the emblems of