The population of Egypt is mainly made
from Egyptians and Arabs, to which it adds in the Egypt` s
South some small pure Nubian population and in West some
pure Berber population in a small number too. But Egypt has
always been a country characterized by races mixture, even
from 6.000 years ago.
That` s why is not an easy thing to
say for sure which are the original Egyptian races. One
thing is for sure, that the Egyptians cultural
identification and language were greatly influenced and
changed by the strong Arab` s impact.
But the Arab blood
amount is minor compared to the Egyptian one. So, to say
that today the Egyptians are both Arabs and the ancient
Egyptians` direct descendants is not a wrong thing.
The culture and the language of the Nubians from the South
of Egypt were Arabized and although they are not Arabs –
racially speaking, they consider themselves as being so. A
big minority of these Nubians are still Nubian language
As regarding the Berbers that live on the West Nile`s
oases, along the Alexandria`s coast and in the Siwa oasis,
they are Arabic speakers and in Siwa the Berber language is
speak by many Berbers.
The Egyptian Arabic is spoken by the Jews living in Egypt;
in the recent centuries they avoided to build marriages with
The Egyptians had some contacts with the people from the
Sudanese zones and the darker color of their skin was a
Some racial differences appear when we talk about the people
that belong to the Coptic church, these people being
considered a mixed group, especially since the 7th century
when the era of Muslim begun.
If we talk about the religions in Egypt, the most of the
Egyptians are Muslims, in a proportion of 90%; the
Christians are in a proportion of only 10% from the total of
There are no adherents existing from the religions of the
ancient Egyptians, all the Muslims are Sunni.
Most of the Christians are Copts organized in two groups;
one of the groups has tied connection with the
Roman-Catholic church at organizational level.
In Cairo and Alexandria are some small Armenian orthodox
groups, standard Roman Catholics groups, Greek orthodox
groups and other Christian groups which are small as number
of members. The most of these groups` adherents are
descendants of Greeks, Armenian and Italian immigrants.
In Egypt are also Jewish communities, small too.
As ethnic groups in Egypt, the Berbers are in a percent of
0.4%, with 300.000 people, the Europeans 0.4%, with about
200.000 people, the Egyptians (Arabs) are in a percent of
99% with 71.000.000 people and the Europeans are about
As religions, the Christians are in a percent of 10%, the
Muslim- 90%, the Coptic Christians – 9%, the Coptic
Catholics – 0.3%, the Protestants – 0.3%, the Roman –
Catholics – 0.1%, the Jews – 0.1%, the Sunni - 90%, the
Greek orthodox – 0.5%, Baha`I – 0.1%, the Syrian orthodox –
0.1%, the Syrian Catholics – 0.1%.