Egypt EMPIRE

           

  

 

 

           

 

 

Egypt Empire

 

Egypt Empire

 

The Egypt empire was built in the North Africa`s East, along the Nile river, where today is the modern Egypt.

 

The unification of the Lower Egypt with the Upper Egypt, around 3150 BC, under Egypt` s first pharaoh represents the beginning of the Egyptian civilization which lasts for more than three millennia.

 

In the Egypt`s history were stable periods called kingdoms and periods characterized by instability called intermediate periods.

 

The last kingdom is known as the New Kingdom and after it the ancient Egypt`s civilization knew a decline period when Egypt had to conquer with some foreign powers. 

 

In 31 BC the pharaohs rule ended and Egypt was conquered by the Roman Empire and transformed in a province. The development of the Egyptian social and cultural life was advantaged by the controlled irrigations of the Nile Valley, which was very fertile and produced crops in surplus. Egypt of those times had a writing system, resources to spare, a military that won the fights with the foreign enemies providing Egypt` s dominance, the country had trades with the neighbors and agricultural projects.

 

The administrators, the religious leaders and the elite scribes made the bureaucracy which organized the country's activities, being controlled by a divine pharaoh who assured the Egyptians unity and cooperation through a religious beliefs system.

 

 
Egypt Empire

Among the numerous achievements of the ancient Egypt are the techniques of agricultural production and of construction which allowed the Egyptians to build the temples, the pyramids, the obelisks and the monuments. Other important achievements are the mathematics system, the quarrying techniques, the glass and faience technology, the medicine system, the earliest treaty of peace as well as forms of literature. The Egyptian architecture and art are parts of the ancient Egypt`s legacy as well as the ruins; the excavations showed that the ancient Egyptians had a great appreciation for their history and legacy.

 

The absolute monarch of the country was the pharaoh who controlled the land and the country`s resources. The government's head and the supreme commander of military was the king who managed the affairs with the help of a bureaucracy made from officials.
 

 

 

The vizier was the second in command and had the role of the king` s representative, coordinating the administration the legal system, the land` s surveys, the archives and the building projects.
 

The temples were places for worship but also for storing and collecting the wealth of the nation in treasuries and in a granaries system administered by overseers; they redistributed goods and grain. In that way, the temples were the economy` s backbone.The Egypt's economy was controlled in a strict way and centrally organized. The coinage was used by Egyptians starting with the late period and since then the people of Egypt used a kind of a system of money-barter. The system was made from grain sacks and a weight of 91 grams of silver and copper called deben and which formed a common denominator.

Egypt Civilization

 

 

 

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