In Egypt are organized national
elections for the head of the state (the president of Egypt)
as well as a bicameral legislature. According to the Egypt`
s constitution, the president of the Egyptian republic is
elected for a period of 6 years and the way the president is
elected is the popular vote.
This procedure is available since
2005, May, through an amendment brought to the constitution
Before that, the People` s Assembly was the one to
nominate the president and through the popular referendum,
the nomination was confirmed. Every citizen of Egypt that
has 18 years old has to participate to the universal
suffrage; if a person with the right to vote doesn`t do it,
she or he can be punished with a fine or even with
Despite this, only about 40% from the population`s total
(around 32 million voters) is registered to vote. Maybe the
cause is the lax enforcement. The estimation of 1999 `s
turnout was about 10%.
454 members make the Majlis al-Sha'ab (the People`s
Assembly, the lower house), from which 10 members are
nominated and the rest of 444 members is elected for a term
of 5 years.
44 members of them are
elected in a single-seat constituency and 400
members by the proportional representation.
264 members make the Majilis Al-Shura (the Shura
Council, the upper house); the president appoints
the 88 of the members and the rest of 174 members
are directly elected.
The members of the
Council are in function for 6 years and a half of
them are renewed at every three years.
Egypt is a country where the dominant is one party, the
National Democratic Party which has the power.
opposition` s parties have to fight to obtain a real power
but they are allowed.
As regarding the latest elections in Egypt, they
were in 2005 and were organized to elect the
president and the total turnout was of 22.9%,
meaning about 7,059,010 people.
candidates for the presidency of Egypt were Hosni Mubarak
from the National Democratic Party - Al-Hizb Al-Watani Al-Dimuqrati,
who was elected with 88.6% from the votes` total (6.316.714
votes). The other two candidates were Ayman Nour from the
Tomorrow Party - Hizb al-Ghad, who was voted by 7.3% of the
voters (540.405 votes) and Numan Gomaa from the New Wafd
Party - Hizb al-Wafd al-Jadid, who was voted by 2.8% of the
voters (201.891 votes).
In 2005 were parliamentary elections too and the parties
involved were the National Democratic Party, the Liberal
Party - Hizb al-Ahrar, the Tomorrow Party, the New Wafd
Party, the Arab Democratic Nasserist Party (or Nasserist
Party), the Progressive National Unionist Party - Hizb al
Tagammo' al Watani al Taqadommi al Wahdwawi. There were
indpendents too like the Muslim Brotherhood - Al-ikhwān al-muslimūn.
The Prople`s Assembly of Egypt elections took place on 7-9
The presidential elections from 2005 were the first
presidential elections with more candidates from Egypt`s