Since 1980 in Egypt the problem of
drugs increased seriously. In 1989 in Egypt were about 2
million users of drugs from which the most were children
with access to parents` money and students.
The drugs taken by these users were
the heroin, the hashish, the cocaine and the opium.
spreading of the drugs use was quite large and the big
prices of the drugs leaded to the crimes whose cause was the
obtaining of money for narcotics. Most of the opium and the
hashish that was sold was made in a domestically way. The
heroin was brought from Pakistan and from Lebanon.
The most of the illegal narcotics
seller were arrested from the streets. The punishments for
the drug dealers were considerable increased. For example,
for bringing even a small quantity of heroin in Egypt is
punished with 25 years of jail. Only in 1988 over 1 million
$ was obtained from the drug selling.
In 2007 the studies showed that in Egypt were 6 million of
drug addicts, the drug users having their ages between 15
and 25 years. The same studies showed that the most
available drugs on the Egyptian market were the heroin, the
cocaine, the methamphetamine, ecstasy, as well as a
marihuana type that can be found in Middle East and called
Bango is used on a large scale in the
Sinai Peninsula too. Egypt is an important consumer,
supplier and producer of narcotics and a transit point for
the narcotics traffic. As its location, Egypt is a favorable
country for the drugs traffic from important zones of drug
production from Europe and Asia.
From the Egyptians regular drug
consumers 439.000 are children and 12% are students. 0.21%
of the Egyptian drug consumers are dependent of chemical
drugs or heroin, 3% are dependent of hashish and 9% of Bango.
Unfortunately, some of the Egyptian street children take
glue in their fight with the everyday problems, like
violence, hunger, pain. The street children take glue in
groups, the effects being on long term and the symptoms
mild. The glue is preferred by these children because its
prices are low. Other drugs consumed by the young people in
Egypt are cannabis, tobacco, and the consumers are not aware
of the many risks that they are exposed to as drugs
In 2004 was launched the NSPRSC
(the National Strategy to Protect and Rehabilitate the
Street Children) in order to support all these children that
are the drugs victims and to reintegrated them in society.
In this complex project are involved the Government, the
UNODC and the NGOs which are institutions of the Government,
the civil society, the National Council for Childhood and
Motherhood, and, of course, the children themselves.
To help these children to treat
themselves from the drug addiction, in Egypt were made
receptions centers, a data base for the Government` s data
and a hot line for the children and the teenage that lives
on the streets and are exposed to drugs.