Egypt Constitution


Egypt Constitution


As is normal the supreme law in Egypt is the constitution of this country which dates from 1971, when it was adopted by a public referendum on September 11.


There are three amendments brought to the Egypt’s constitution: in 1980, in 2005 and in 2007. The constitution prescribe the party plurality, the judiciary system` s independence and the democratic representative system's updating.


1923 is the year of the first form of a national constitution, a modern and codified form. This fact makes from Egypt a country with one of the earliest legislative and administrative codes in the entire history.


The amendments that were brought to the constitution in 2007 viewed 34 articles and were brought by the Egypt` s national democratic party which intensions was to move the economic and the politic tendencies of Egypt from socialism to capitalism.




The Egyptian political system`s main principals are declared in the constitution and are: the freedom of Egypt, the peace through freedom, the national development and the Arab unity.

According to the constitution, Egypt is a democratic state, the country sovereignty derives from the people and a Arab world` s part.

The Egyptian political system established by constitution is the party plurality, the political system being a semi-presidential one. The judiciary power, the parliament power and the executive power are separated, the executive authority`s actions being controlled by the parliament through several mechanisms.

Since the political system is one of the parties plurality in Egypt the foundation of parties is allowed with the condition that the parties are not made on discriminatory bases such as sex, religion or race.



The defining of the citizens` s principal freedoms and rights which have to be assured by the state of Egypt.

According to the Egyptian all the citizens of this country are equal and free, among the freedoms being the one of expression, the one regarding the religious orientation, the freedom of press, the freedom of the private life` s protection.

The executive power is represented by the president of Egypt, the local administration, the prime minister and by the ministers cabinet.

The prime minister can be dismissed by the president, the most powerful power in state, without the approval of the parliament.

The president can also remove the ministers` cabinet but only after he consulted the prime minister.



The parliament can be dissolved by the president of Egypt but only for exceptional reasons and after that he has to organize new election in no more than 60 days.

The judiciary power is independent of the other powers and has the mission to supervise the activities of the legislative and executive branches.

The legislative power of Egypt is represented by the parliament which is made from the upper house – the Shura council and the lower house – the People’s Assembly.

The People Assembly has the right to dismiss the president if is guilty of criminal facts or of grand treason.
Before this constitution Egypt had another 8 constitutions.



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