Egypt Abu Simbel


Egypt Abu Simbel


Abu Simbel Egypt

The archeological complex of Abu Simbel situated in Nubia (Egypt) is made from two temples cut straight in stone during the reign of pharaoh Ramses II.

The complex, remarkable through its massive stone statues of Ramses and of his wife, Nefertari, is a part of the Nubian Monuments UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It was built by Ramses II in 13th century BC, to intimidate his Nubian rivals and to commemorate the famous battle of Kadesh.

The Great Temple is considered the most beautiful temple made by the pharaoh Ramses II.


The front of the temple has 33 meters in height and 38 meters in width, being guarded by 4 statues of Ramses II. Up, on the front, a raw of Baboons smiling to the sunrise. On the entrance there is lettered the name of the king Ser-Ma`at-Ra, and between the gigantic legs of the statues are several smaller sculptures of the Ramses II` s family: his mother, Mut-tuy, his wife Nefertari, as well as his sons and daughters. On the walls of the temple is described the battle of Kadesh had by Ramses with the Hittites.

Egypt Abu Simbel

It is an unique temple and due to the way in which the Sun lights 4 statues from the temple` s interior, statues of Ra-Harakhte, Ptah, Amun-Ra and Ramses II, deified, only in two days of the year, 21 February, the day of the king, and 22 October, the day of his crowning.

The Small Temple is situated in the North of the bigger temple being dedicated to Hathor, the goddess of beauty and love, by Ramses II, and through her to his beautiful wife Nefertari.


The front is guarded by 6 statues, 4 of Ramses II and 2 of Nefertari. An interesting fact is that the 6 statues are equal as height, which is an unusual thing for Egypt and a sign of the respect for Nefertari.


The pronaos or the hypostyle hall has 6 pillars for support; the pillars have as decorations the scenes of queen playing at an instrument called the sinistrum. She is accompanied by the gods Thoth, Khnum, Horus and Khonsu and by the goddess Isis, Taweret, Maat, Hathor, Satis and Mut of Asher.


The bas-reliefs from the pillard hall shows the king` s deification, his enemies` destruction in South and North as well as the offerings of the queen to the goddess Mut and Hathor. The access to the vestibule is made by 3 big doors. On the chamber` s North and South walls are 2 poetic and graceful bas-reliefs of the pharaoh and of his wife.



The integrity of the temples was threatened by the raising of the Nile water` s levels as a result of the building of the Assuan barrage in the `60. Through a model of international cooperation of UNESCO, the archeological sites were searched, dismembered and assembled in the same way, but with 65 and 200 meters higher and in the back of the original location, a location covered by the waters of the lake Nasser.



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