Egypt Cairo Pyramids


Egypt Cairo Pyramids


Cairo Pyramids


The city of Giza is home to ancient Muslim districts, an area of luxury apartment houses bordering the river, and several foreign embassies and state offices. Educational institutions include the University of Cairo (1908), relocated here in 1924. The Academy of the Arabic Language built in 1932 is also found here as well as an ophthalmic research institute, and a music institute. Since the 4th Dynasty, circa 2575-2467 BC, an important city has always been on or near this site of the ancient pharaohs.
Famous landmarks situated here are the Great Sphinx (about 2500 BC) and some of Egypt's most well known pyramids—the Great Pyramid of Khufu, or Cheops, and the Khafre and Menkaure pyramids.

The most famous pyamid in Egypt, and the one that appears on almost every tour package, the Great Pyramid of Khufu is the oldest and largest of the pyramids on the Giza Plateau.


Built around 2570 B.C. by the IV Dynasty pharaoh Khufu (better known as Cheops), this 140-meter-high monument contains approximately 2.3 million blocks, with an average weight of 2.5 tons.
The reason for building it is a matter of debate. Several scholars think it was the ancient burial chamber of the pharaoh and his queen, while others think it had astronomical purposes.

As no inscriptions or corpses were found inside, the debate continues.


Today, no one is allowed to climb the pyramid, but you can go inside. After a descent at a crouch, a steep upward passage leads to the Grand Gallery and two chambers. The King's Chamber has a lidless granite sarcophagus while the so-called Queen’s Chamber had nothing in it. A separate ticket is bought to enter each pyramid and the Solar Boat Museum.




You won't want to pass on one of Egypt's most famous attractions, the last surviving monument of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Great Pyramid of Giza. There are actually three main pyramids in Giza; the Great Pyramid of Khufu (or Cheops), The Pyramid of Kafhre and the smaller Pyramid of Menkaura.

Pyramids in Cairo

Each Pyramid is a final resting place to a different Pharaoh of Egypt. In front of the pyramids is found the Sphinx, or Abu al-Hol in Arabic, "Father of Terror". Carved out of a single block of stone, this gigantic cat-like structure has amazed millions of visitors.

Giza's three great pyramids and the Sphinx were believed to have been built in the 4th dynasty of Egypt's Old Kingdom, debated to be the first great civilization on earth. For most of us it means it happened about 5000 years ago. Even though there is still debate about the methods employed in building the pyramids at Giza, most are unanimous in the belief that it wasn't by aliens.


Though the theory that beings from outer space had built the pyramids would more than double the considerable number of tourists visiting Egypt nowadays, scholars have ruled out the possibility completely.



It is thought that approximately 20,000 laborers were employed and approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing 2.5 tons, were used just to build the Pyramid of Khufu.



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