Egypt Cairo Museum


Egypt Cairo Museum


Cairo Museum


Egyptian culture and history is best shown and preserved in the city's numerous museums.

Established in 1902, the Egyptian Museum boasts hundreds of thousands of works, including over 1700 pieces from the collection of the tomb of young pharaoh,

Tutankhamun; the Museum of Islamic Arts, built in 1881, has an extensive collection on early Islamic civilization; and the Coptic Museum built in 1910, gives a comprehensive history of the Coptic denomination in the country.
The Egyptian Museum is also known as the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities.

As mentioned above, it is home to the most impressive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities in the world. Although it owns 120,000 items, only a representative amount are on display, the rest are in storage.


In 1981, then Egyptian president, Anwar Sadat, ordered the closing of the museum's Royal Mummy Room which contains 27 royal mummies from the time of the pharaohs. In 1985, it was reopened with a slightly fewer display of kings and queens from the New Kingdom. Currently, 9 mummies are on display.


The Pharaoh-Queen Hatshepsut, whose corpse had been recently discovered, is one of them. The pieces being displayed in the museum make up only about a third of its substantial collection.


The Egyptian Museum houses hundreds of images—discovered in temples and tombs—of ancient gods and goddesses, such as Isis, Osiris, Horus, and Amon, and pharaohs, such as Khafre, Hatshepsut, Akhenaton, and Ramses II.




There are also several of mummies from both Ancient Egypt and the Greco-Roman culture that followed it. Another major display is that of the Amarina Letters, cuneiform tablets which present a major source of information about the Hittites who were virtually unknown until the tablets were studied and deciphered.

Museum in Cairo

Perhaps the most famous collection in the Egyptian Museum—and among the most priceless—are the over one thousand artifacts from the tomb of the young Pharaoh Tutankhamun, uncovered by British archaeologists Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter, in 1922.
The tomb of Tutankhamun was made up of a passageway and four connected chambers that were embellished with wall paintings and dominated by a rich array of objects. The thousands of artifacts consisted of gold-covered chariots, chairs, beds, lamps, and jewelry to finery, writing apparatus, and even a lock of hair from the grandmother of Tutankhamun.


The remains of the young pharaoh was placed inside three coffins, the head adorned with a gold mask inlaid with lapis lazuli and strips of colored glass. The tomb’s discovery gave the world a very good idea of the splendor of royal life in Egypt during ancient times.



In 1967, the first detailed X-ray study of the mummies in the Egyptian Museum, was performed by a team from the University of Michigan. Since then, electron probe analysis of hair has become standard procedure to prove family relationships between individual mummies.

Other museums in Cairo showcase collections associated to more current themes. The Al Gawhara Palace Museum, established in 1811 in the Ottoman style and the Mahmoud Khalil Museum built in 1963 contain works by Post-Impressionists Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Peter Paul Rubens, and other European and Egyptian painters known worldwide.



Copyrights for all pictures on this site, it is and remains the property of

   2007 - 2011