Egypt Cairo Map


Egypt Cairo Map


Map of Cairo


The constancy and richness of the yearly Nile River flood, partnered with near-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, made possible the birth of one history’s great civilizations.


A centralized system of government arose around 3200 B.C. and for the next 3 millennia a succession of powerful families ruled in Egypt.

In 341 B.C. the last of these native dynasties fell to the Persians.


The Persians were later replaced by the Greeks, then the Romans, and finally the Byzantines. For the next 6 centuries in the 7th century the Arabs ruled and introduced Islam and the Arabic language.  

The Mamluks, a local military caste, took control in circa 1250 and continued to rule after the Ottoman Turks conquered Egypt in 1517. In 1869 after the building of the Suez Canal, although Egypt became an important world transportation hub it also fell deep into debt.

In 1882, seemingly to protect its investments, the British took control of Egypt's government, but a farcical partnership with the Ottoman Empire went on until 1914. In 1922, Egypt became partially independent from the UK acquired full independence after World War II.


With the completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser, the Nile River’s time-honored role in Egypt’s agriculture and ecology altered.


Resources were overtaxed and society became highly stressed with the fast growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited farmable land, and dependence on the Nile. Economic reform and numerous investments in infrastructure and communications were take on by the government to ready the economy for the new millennium.




Egypt’s capital city of Cairo is located on the banks of the river Nile. The river has enormously influenced Cairo geography and its development and evolution as a city. Cairo stands in between the upper and the lower areas of the river Nile. The upper portion of the Nile spreads from south of Cairo to the Sudanese border, the lower portion starts from the north of Cairo and makes up the Nile Delta.

Cairo Map

The oldest part of Cairo is east of the Nile River. The city has spread its way to the west swallowing the flooded fertile plains of the Nile. Cairo can be separated into Old Cairo and the New Cairo. The old Cairo is unplanned and rather hodge-podge. The roads and lanes in this part of the city are small with crowded living areas.

The western areas of the city know as New Cairo is relatively new. The beautiful capital city was designed by Ismail the Magnificent in the mid-19th century. Built on the model of Paris, the city is characterized by wide roads and byways for pedestrians, open spaces and public gardens and parks. Architecture of the old and the new Cairo are also different.


The old Cairo mainly contains ancient mosques while the new Cairo has modern architecture and government building.


The Nile Rivers many water systems has allowed the expansion of this city. Giza and Imbahbah are linked to the capital through bridges across Nile. Gezira and Roda are also linked to Cairo through bridges.



Cairo’s topography are dominated by plateaus and deserts. The Giza plateau is the location for the ancient burial ground of Memphis and so is the Pyramid of Giza. The ancient cities of Memphis and Necropolis were the predecessors of Cairo.

The geography of Cairo is diverse and interesting. The Nile River and the plateau of Giza are the most important physical features of Cairo’s topography.



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