Egypt Cairo Location


Egypt Cairo Location


Location of Cairo


Spread across an area of more than 453 sq km (more than 175 sq m), the city of Cairo is hard to separate some of its immediate suburbs. Bordered by the desert to the east, south, and west and bracketed by the fertile Nile delta to the north, Cairo is located on the river, and yet it spreads farther on the east bank than it does on the west.
Several river islands make up the area of Cairo and these play an important role in the life of the city. As the area’s prime commercial, administrative, and tourist center, the city of Cairo contains many cultural institutions, business establishments, governmental offices, universities, and hotels. 

Together these institutions create a beehive of continuous activity. and named it Al Qāhira (Cairo).

Tahrir Square is the center of downtown Cairo and is located on the east bank.

A center of tourist activity, the wide, open square boasts several attractions, namely the Egyptian Museum, the Arab League headquarters, and the modern Umar Makram Mosque.

Al Kurnish, Cairo’s prime traffic area spreads from north to south along the east bank. Situated not too far is the narrow strip of land is one of the city’s more current residential districts known as Garden City. The river island of Zamālik (also called Jazīrah, meaning “the Island”) is located in the center of the city and it contains the more expensive residential and commercial neighborhood.


This area is called the Zamālik and it includes the Cairo Opera House (founded in 1869), and the Cairo Tower (1957).




The island is linked by three bridges to both banks of the river. Two additional bridges link the mainland to the island of Al Rawdah, located to the south while another bridge to the north brings in road and rail traffic across the Nile.

Cairo Location

Cairo’s situation and orientation gives non-subjective information about the geographical location and the layout of the country’s capital city. Cairo sits within the geographical co-ordinates of 30.2 N and 31.21 E. It is located on the banks of river Nile, which has inordinately influenced the location and orientation of the city.

The city’s topography is dominated by rivers, deserts and plateau. The largest part of Cairo is on the East Bank of the River Nile. The most famous tourist attractions like the Pyramids and the Sphinx are found on the West Bank. The small residential isle of Zamalek is on the Nile.


The Gezira Club occupies greater part of the island and the famous Opera House is also located on this island.


East of Cairo are the fascinating Mu'qutum Hills which is a great place to spend the evening. Cairo’s downtown is a well-planned section and is a wonderful place. The way the city is placed and planned is modeled on the great city of Paris.



An obvious characteristic is the city’s modern and commercial architecture. Large and small hotels, a variety of retail outlets, travel agencies and restaurants are mostly found in this part of the city. The downtown Cairo area is located to the east and north east of Midan Tahrir.



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