Egypt Cairo Flag


Egypt Cairo Flag


Egypt Cairo Flag


The origin of red and black as coming from the ancient Egyptians must be false history that has its beginnings in the ancient Egyptian perception of their country.

The red represents the desert and the black is that land which was tilled. It was so-named because the yearly flooding of the Nile brings in deposits of the rich black silt on the land. Therefore the nation was called Kemet.
The real beginnings of the use of those colors primarily by the ancients is mostly guess work. It is almost like declaring that green was Hittite color or blue a Greek color. Even though they may have used those colors, is pure speculation.

Since Egypt was ruled by thee Pharaohs over 2500 years, it is quite probable that some of them made use of the colors red and black.


But it is quite easily seen that these hues are from more contemporary times.

Nonetheless, the flag was always though of in relation with Arab nationalism, even if the dynasty of the Hashemite was not.


With the beginning of the next phase of Arab nationalism, just after the Second World War, the government was dominated by parties of pan-Arabic leanings like the Ba'ath party and such who set up republics.


Although this era of nationalism put an end to the Hashemite king of Iraq, many of those who governed it employed a red-white-black banner taken from the very first Arab revolt. Egypt used a red-white-black flag during this time, though not the same as the one today. The piece of information that this flag design is almost the same as that of the flags by Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya gives a lie to the idea that these colors are originally Egyptian.



Whitney Smith's “Flags Through the Ages and Across the World” claims that the symbol placed at the center of the Egyptian flag is the mythical eagle of Saladin. The figure was based on the eagle seen on a wall in Cairo.
Cairo Flag

The first Ayubid Sultan was Saladin or Salah al-Din Yusuf who lived from 1138 to 1193. He ruled over Hejaz, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Syria. In 1187 he took control of Jerusalem from the Latins and signed a peace treaty with them in 1192. Nevertheless, the appearance of the Saladin eagle on Arabian flags is quite recent.
A few flags found in Cairo have the emblem as white gold, or red, white, black. Some have it in light, white, dark gold hatching. Still, some white with two vertical lines in gold to separate the three parts.


Although the two inscription of the former coat of arms Al-Jumhuriya and Jumhuriyat Misr Al-Arabiya both mean "Arab Republic of Egypt", they are not the same politically. In the first inscription, the Republic is Arabic first and then Egyptian. In the newer inscription it is Egyptian first and then Arabic.



The Egyptian flag is not merely a mirror image on the other side. If you look closely, you will see that the inscription beneath the eagle and shield can be read the right way on both sides of the flag.



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