Egypt Cairo Facts


Egypt Cairo Facts


Cairo Facts


Situated on the banks of the Egypt’s most famous river, the Nile, the city of Cairo is one of the most well-known capital cities in the world. Known locally as Al-Qahira, Arabic for “The Triumphant”, Cairo was the seat of government of ancient Egyptian dynasties as well foreign ones for centuries.
Headed by Pharaohs, Caliphs, Romans, Turkish Khedives, British and French colonizers, the city of Cairo boasts of a glorious history and a decadent charm. Cairo is rich in a multitude of historic tourist attractions, including the Pyramids of Giza, which until 1889, had the reputation of being the world’s tallest structure built by man.

With its picturesque beauty, very interesting landmarks,noble elegance and modern structures, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Egypt. The city is riddled with a lot of fun and interesting facts.


The city of Cairo is Egypt’s capital and is the home of one of the world’s most ancient civilizations. It is also Europe’s largest city.

The modern city was founded AD 969 when it served as the monarchial boundary for the caliphs of Fatimid. Prior to this, settlements in the city can be dated back to as far as 6,000 years ago.

To date, Cairo has a population estimated at more than 17 million making it the most densely populated city in Africa and the world’s 16th most populated city.


It is the location of the largest and oldest of all the pyramids in the country, the Great Pyramid of Giza, which took approximately 20 years to build.



The oldest synagogue in Egypt, the Ben Ezra Synagogue, is located in Cairo. So is the oldest university in the world, the Al-Azhar University of Cairo, which is also the Suni Islams principle seat of education.

Facts Cairo

One of the largest mosques in the world, the Mosque and Madrasa of Sultan Hassan in Cairo, was built in the 14th century. The largest display of Egyptian antiquities in the world is in Cairo at the Egyptian Museum.


During Cairo is made up of two islands: Zamalik or Gezira, and Roda or Rawdah. These two islands are linked by bridges to the mainland.

The time zone in Cairo follows that of the Eastern European Time which is GMT+2. It is also ahead of the Greenwich Mean Time by 2 hours. The Cairenes observe Sundays as traditional “day-off” and not as a weekend.


Although the majority of Egyptians practice the Islamic religion, the legal age for drinking in Cairo is 21. The manufacture of textiles, tobacco products, food products, plastics, automobiles, metals, and chemicals form the city’s main source of income. Central to Cairo’s economy is tourism because of the many historical relics left behind by its ancient civilization.



A large part of the city is modern with broad avenues. Most of the mosques, palaces, gates to the city are found in the oldest part of town. Cairo is the center of Coptic Christianity (Christians living in Egypt). This denomination originated in Alexandria during the Apostolic period.



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